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Seokhwan Yun, Tae-Hyun Shin, Jae-Hyun Lee , Mi Hyeon Cho , Il-Sun Kim, Ji-wook Kim, Kwangsoo Jung, Il-Shin Lee, Jinwoo Cheon*, and Kook In Park*
Design of Magnetically Labeled Cells (Mag-Cells) for in Vivo Control of Stem Cell Migration and Differentiation
Nano Lett., 18 (2), 838-845
Date: Feb 2, 2018

Cell-based therapies are attractive for treating various degenerative disorders and cancer but delivering functional cells to the region of interest in vivo remains difficult. The problem is exacerbated in dense biological matrices such as solid tissues because these environments impose significant steric hindrances for cell movement. Here, we show that neural stem cells transfected with zinc-doped ferrite magnetic nanoparticles (ZnMNPs) can be pulled by an external magnet to migrate to the desired location in the brain. These magnetically labeled cells (Mag-Cells) can migrate because ZnMNPs generate sufficiently strong mechanical forces to overcome steric hindrances in the brain tissues. Once at the site of lesion, Mag-Cells show enhanced neuronal differentiation and greater secretion of neurotrophic factors than unlabeled control stem cells. Our study shows that ZnMNPs activate zinc-mediated Wnt signaling to facilitate neuronal differentiation. When implemented in a rodent brain stroke model, Mag-Cells led to significant recovery of locomotor performance in the impaired limbs of the animals. Our findings provide a simple magnetic method for controlling migration of stem cells with high therapeutic functions, offering a valuable tool for other cell-based therapies.

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